God, nature of

God, nature of
   It is not surprising that the nature of God has been of great interest and concern to Christian philosophers, who have devoted considerable time and energy to expounding what can be known of the divine nature and rebutting atheistic objections to it. Perhaps three broad approaches can be identified: (1) perfect-being theology, which seeks to analyse the divine nature in the light of the single defining attribute of perfection or 'maximal greatness'; (2) creation theology, which seeks to postulate as features of the divine nature those features that we can see reflected in, or are needed to explain, the world around us; and (3) purely biblical theology, which seeks to attribute to the divine nature only those features that are attributed to God in special revelation. Attributes traditionally held to be part of the divine nature are omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, perfect goodness and eternity. Much philosophical discussion has gone into the explication of these attributes, their defence against atheistic objections, and arguing for the existence of a being that possesses them. One of the other attributes traditionally ascribed to God is divine simplicity. In its strongest form the doctrine of divine simplicity asserts that each of God's attributes is identical with each of his attributes, and that God himself is identical with this attribute. In other words, God is his nature. Indeed, on this approach it may seem as if the very word 'nature' is inappropriate when we are talking of God. Many modern philosophers (such as Alvin Plantinga), however, see no need to embrace the doctrine of divine simplicity in such a strong form, insisting that our intuitions about the unity of the divine nature can be satisfied by thinking of a single attribute, such as maximal greatness, as somehow determining the other, distinct, attributes.
   Further reading: Hill, Daniel J. 2005; Kretzmann 1997; Morris 1991; Swinburne 1993a; Wierenga 1989

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • God, Nature and Attributes of — • Covered as natural reason and faith Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • God, nature of —  Бога природа …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • NATURE — Though the Bible is full of the awareness and appreciation of nature from the creation narrative up to the Psalmist s declaration, The heavens declare the glory of God… (Ps. 19:2), it does not profess a comprehensive doctrine of nature in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • nature, divine —    see God, nature of …   Christian Philosophy

  • nature worship — nature worshiper. 1. a system of religion based on the deification and worship of natural forces and phenomena. 2. love of nature. [1865 70] * * * ▪ religion Introduction       system of religion based on the veneration of natural phenomena for… …   Universalium

  • Nature and Attributes of God —     The Nature and Attributes of God     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Nature and Attributes of God     I. As Known Through Natural Reason     A. Infinity of God     B. Unity or Unicity of God     C. Simplicity of God     D. Divine Personality… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nature — • Has reference to the production of things, and hence generally includes in its connotation the ideas of energy and activity. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nature     Nature    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • God-man (mystic) — God man refers to the divine Incarnation as described within various religious faiths including early Roman Catholicism and Christian mysticism. Origins The first usage of the term God man as a theological concept appears in the writing of the… …   Wikipedia

  • God's utility function — is a phrase coined by Richard Dawkins in his book River Out of Eden. God s utility function is the third chapter in this book. Dawkins uses this phrase to expound the Gene centered view of evolution by equating the phrase to the meaning of life… …   Wikipedia

  • Nature (TV series) — Nature Format Natural history Documentary Created by George Page Country of origin United States …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”